a = Memorial to Syrets concentration camp
b = Monument to Soviet citizens and prisoners of war, Soviet Army soldiers and officer, who were shot by German Nazis
c = Monument to the Jewish victims of Babi Yar
In his legendary work Babi Yar: A Document in the Form of a Novel, purported eye-witness Anatoly Kuznetsov wrote:
"On a bare stretch of land some distance from the [Syrets] camp they were putting up some mysterious installation, and some of the prisoners were directed to that. The building work was being carried on in great secrecy, and consequently all those who went to work there said good-bye to their friends. They knew they would not be coming back. (The secret was revealed only later: the Germans had set up in Babi Yar an experimental soap factory for the production of soap from human corpses, but they did not have time to complete it.)"