Friday, 23 January 2015
Sunday, 18 January 2015
This is a cropped version (original) of a photograph originating from the personal album of Robert "Justice" Jackson, the chief U.S. prosecutor at the trial of the major war criminals in Nuremberg. The photograph shows the Russian delegation at the London Conference in the summer of 1945, at which the charter to be used at the forthcoming Nuremberg trial was written.
The gentleman on the left of the photograph is Ion Timofeevich Nikitchenko, a veteran of the Moscow show trials and the main Soviet judge at Nuremberg; the young man on the right is Oleg Tryanovsley, present as a translator but a future diplomat (his mother was the Jewish bolshevik Elena Rozmirovich), and the gentleman in the centre is Prof. Aron Naumowitsch Trainin, the Soviet legal genius of whom Holocaust Controversies' Dr. Nicholas Terry wrote:
"the legal architecture for the trial was strongly influenced by the Soviets - many of the key ideas came from their chief international legal expert, Aron Trainin, whose prewar and wartime writings were translated into English and cited by the likes of Murray Bernays (also Jewish) in the planning stage. Maxwell Fyfe regarded Trainin's briefs as a "godsend" because they helped clarify the issues the various lawyers faced in organising the trial."
The 1995 Jewish Encyclopedia of Russia states that Trainin was Jewish. He was also a member of the Extraordinary State Commission, and was a signatory to USSR-63; a lengthy report on alleged German atrocities in south-west Soviet Union, including the gassing of 900 Red Army soldiers in the catacombs of the Adzhimushkay quarry in the Crimea.
A few days after Trainin would have arrived in London for the conference, a translation of an article he'd written for the Red Army newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda was published by the Soviet embassy in Washington D.C. within which he wrote:
"Before a world already aware of the horrors of the wholesale annihilation of people in Smolensk and Maidanek, new sinister pages have opened—Tremblyanka and Oswiecim, Buchenwal and Belsen: trains methodically and regularly supplying living human raw material for destruction; three million victims done to death in Tremblyanka; four million victims annihilated in Oswiecim."
"Justice Shall be Done" by Prof. A Trainin, June 1945 Special Supplement,
p.25, of the Information Bulletin, published by the Embassy of the Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics, Washington D.C., June 30, 1945, 1944.
Posted by The Black Rabbit of Inlé at 06:25
Monday, 12 January 2015
On June 18, 1945, George Clutton of the British Embassy, Stockholm, wrote a report on the German concentration camp Ravensbrueck, in which he describes how the Nazis operated a sort of gas train:
"There seem to have been two gas chambers at Ravensbruck. [One] was situated next to the crematorium outside the boundary of the camp and was a small brick building with the appearance of a washroom with showers. It took one hundred victims at a time. The existence of the second gas chamber was widely believed, but no one had ever seen it. It was said to have been brought to have been brought to Ravensbruck at the end of 1944 by S.S. Obsersturm [sic] führer Brauning from Auschwitz where he had been in charge of gassing methods. It consisted of what appeared to be two covered railway waggons attached together and connected with two railway tankers containing the gas. The women put into the trucks were unaware of the fate in store for them and were generally under the impression that they were to be removed to another camp. The doors of the waggons were shut and the gas pumped in at either end from the tankers. Death was stated to have taken two hours."
Clutton explained in his report as to where his information originated:
"I have the honour to report that, in the company of your [Victor Mallet, the British Envoy to Sweden] Assistant Military Attaché, Lieutenant Colonel E. B. Butler, I proceeded by air on the evening of June 5th to Gothenburg to visit the British subjects who had arrived in Sweden from concentration camps in Germany. I spent Wednesday, the 6th, and Thursday, the 7th, seeing them at a Hostel in Hindås where most of them were congregate and also in Gothenburg. On the 7th some of them left by air for the United Kingdom and I had the privilege of saying farewell to them at the airport. The purpose of the visit was in the first place to greet them on behalf of yourself and His Majesty's Legation and secondly to gather evidence regarding cases of deaths of British subjects in the camps from which they came. In accordance with Foreign Office telegram No.725 of 10th May, I also endeavoured to collect as much evidence as possible relating to the general administration of concentration camps and the policy of extermination pursued against the inmates. Colonel Butler in addition was particularly interested in tracing certain female personnel of his organisation whom his Headquarters believed might at one time have been in Ravensbruck. I returned to Stockholm on the morning of Friday, the 9th.
2. The background to the story of these refugees was already known to me from information I had obtained from refugees of various nationalities in Stockholm as well as from retorts from His Majesty's Consul General at Gothenburg, the British Consul at Malmö, the Swedish authorities and the World Jewish Congress. The task before me was therefore to piece together and construct into a coherent whole the disjointed evidence that [was] already obtained with any fresh information available. The fact of [sic] all the British refugees had been assembled together in one place afforded an admirable opportunity of doing this. One of the difficulties in interrogating refugees from concentration camps is that as a result of their sufferings their memories have be affected and dates and names often fail them. To overcome this difficulty Colonel Butler and I adopted the method of interviewing witnesses we knew had the most evidence to give and supplementing this by discussion afterwards with the whole assembly of refugees. We found that three or four refugees together could often supply a name which one alone could not do. The mention of a name or an incident in front of the assembly would frequently produce a string of further names and incidents that had slipped the memory of the individual witness."
Report is found in UK NA: FO 371/50982, U5141, but I first learned of it from Carlo Mattogno, Inside the Gas
Chambers: The Extermination of Mainstream Holocaust Historiography, Barnes Review, 2014, p. 198.
Posted by The Black Rabbit of Inlé at 14:44
Thursday, 8 January 2015
Dov Freiberg (1927 - 2008; aka Ber or Berale Freiberg), survivor of seventeen months in Sobibor.
In 2008 revisionist Thomas Kues published a detailed comparison of various accounts given by Freiberg over the years, but the earliest one then known to Kues was Freiberg's testimony at the trial of Adolf Eichmann in June 1961; Kues' colleague Carlo Mattogno mentions a 1945 account given by Frieberg in their 2013 book (p. 1179).
The original 1946 edition of the The Black Book covers Sobibor with Ehrenburg's article "The Button Factory"—which had been published in the New York newspaper PM on September 11, 1944. In 1980 edition of the The Black Book, Ehrenburg's article is replaced by one titled "The Uprising at Sobibor", and the same article appears again in 2003 version The Complete Black Book of Russian Jewry.
Seemingly unknown in literature on Sobibor, is the article which is produced in facsimile below. It appeared in the Information Bulletin, on September 15, 1944, which was a publication of the Soviet embassy in Washington D.C., similar to Soviet War News, the daily publication of the London embassy.
Freiberg is quoted at length in the Bulletin article, and some of the quotes appear again in The Black Book (1980 and 2003), which also states that the quotes were taken from a written account Freiberg made of his experiences, dated August 10, 1944; Ehrenburg didn't mention Freiberg in his article that appeared in the original 1946 version.
Freiberg's detailing of the collapsible gas chamber floor—which was mandatory in post-war accounts of Sobibor—features in both the Bulletin article and The Black Book (1980 and 2003), but absent from the latter is the estimated death toll of 2,000,000 and the following quote from Freiberg about the collection of human fat for shipment to Germany where it was made into soap:
"At the end of 1942 the cremation of corpses began in the third camp. rails were laid and fires were constantly kept burning under them. ... Thousands were burned everyday; the fires were kept burning day and night, the flames rising very high. ... Special containers were fitted to the rails for collecting human fat. The furnaces were manned by a special crew of 150 prisoners. The ashes were collected in sacks and sent to Germany for use as fertilizer. The fat was packed in barrels, also for shipment to Germany. The Germans said that it made good soap."
"German Death Factory in Sobibur" by Major A. Rutman and Senior Lieutenant of the
Guards S. Krasilshchik, Information Bulletin, published by the Embassy of the Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics, Washington D.C,, September 15, 1944, pp. 5-7.
Posted by The Black Rabbit of Inlé at 21:09
Friday, 2 January 2015
In May 1919, the Russia-based Special Correspondent of the British news agency the Press Association, mentioned in an article how the Bolsheviks, and the "Jewish wirepullers" behind them, had permitted the Jewish residents of Kharkov to make their traditional Passover cakes, whilst simultaneously prohibiting the baking of Easter cakes by the city's Christian residents.
Posted by The Black Rabbit of Inlé at 05:43
Tuesday, 23 December 2014
"... what upset me more than anything else was at the doorway of one of the gas ovens there
was a heap of spectacles, higher than I stood, and I thought of the inmates who had those
spectacles taken off them before they were sent in—driven in—to be gassed to death."
Posted by The Black Rabbit of Inlé at 13:26
Wednesday, 10 December 2014
"[Germany must keep] not a single plane, no navy, their war industry must be absolutely broken up. A lot of blood will flow after the war. Many Germans will be killed in your [Edvard Beneš] country [Czechoslovakia] as well—it cannot be helped and I agree with it. After a few months we'll say "that's enough", and we shall start on the work of peace: try the guilty men who stayed alive."
- Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill, April 3, 1943, over lunch with Edvard Beneš and Jan Masaryk.
Zbynék Zeman, Antonín Klimek, The Life of Edvard Beneš, 1884-1948: Czechoslovakia in Peace and War, New York: Oxford Uni. Press, 1997, p. 185.
The Czechoslovakian diplomat Edward Taborsky quoted what Beneš stated after lunch with Churchill:
"[the British prime minister approved] in principle the transfer of population as
the only possible solution of minority problems in Central Europe after the war."
Edward Taborsky, President Edvard Beneš: Between East and West, 1938-1948, Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 1981, p. 125.
Posted by The Black Rabbit of Inlé at 15:54